[Note: I wrote this as a draft months ago intending to do some heavy revision on it before posting it. I never got around to that. Jeremy has hinted that I should just go ahead and post it, but I was reluctant because I felt like it needed more work. But I'm busy, so I'm never really going to put more work into it. And now, in light of the SCOTUS ruling yesterday (day before?), this is suddenly relevant again. So, hey--these may be only half-formed thoughts, but they are relevant half-formed thoughts, and if ever there was a place for half-formed thoughts, it's the internet, right? So here goes...]
John 10:17-18 reads: "For this reason the Father loves Me, because I lay down My life so that I may take it again. No one has taken it away from Me, but I lay it down on My own initiative. I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it up again. This commandment I received from My Father." (NAU).
This raises the odd question--when Jesus was crucified, did the cricifixion kill Him or not? Or, more to the point, was Jesus killed, or did He commit suicide?
By the way, "Both" does not seem to be an appropriate answer here.